Acne occurs when sebaceous glands within the hair follicles (pores) of the skin become clogged, because emission happens faster than the oil and skin cells can evacuate the follicle. The plug makes the follicle to bulge (causing whiteheads), and the tip of the plug may darken (causing blackheads). If the plug causes the wall of the follicle to break, the oil, dead skin cells, and microorganisms found usually on the surface of the skin can penetrate the skin and create small infected areas called pustules (also known as pimples or “zits”).
The actual pimple is commonly the result of bacteria invading an open skin pore causing the body to react with millions of white cells to destroy the invaders. As the white cells fight and die they create an inflamed area that turns red (pimple) which over time evolves into an even greater mass of dead cells that can create a pus pocket (white head).
Also, open pores can also be blocked with dried oils, external matter or just facial dirt that form what is commonly known as a black head. Salt from sweat is another cause of most facial break outs when it dries and blocks pores.
Cysts appear when the infection affects the deeper layers of the skin. A sebaceous cyst forms when the sebaceous gland continues producing oil. Instead of rupturing the follicle wall, the follicle continues to enlarge and create a soft, pliable lump (called a cyst) under the skin. The cyst is usually not painful or discolored unless it becomes infected.
Acne Scar Causes
Acne scars appear when spots become inflamed or don’t heal properly. While scarring for some people seems to depend on hereditary factors or skin color, precautions can be taken to prevent scars and treatments are available to greatly reduce scarred skin’s appearance.
In the simple terms, scars are the visible reminders of damage and tissue healing. In the case of acne, the damage is caused by the body’s inflammatory reaction to sebum, bacteria and dead cells in the clogged sebaceous follicle. Two types of true scars exist:
(1) Depressed areas like in ice-pick scars, and
(2) Raised thickened tissue like in keloids.
When a lesion happens the body sends in the ‘troops’ to repair the damage. However, when their job is done they may leave behind a mess in the form of fibrous scar tissue, or eroded tissue. White blood cells and inflammatory molecules may remain at the site of an active acne lesion for days or even weeks. For those who are prone to scarring the result can be an acne scar.
Acne scars can now be easily eliminated thanks to a natural skin care product designed to treat scarring and blemishes without causing undesired side effects.